How AI Can Help In Every Stage of the Construction Process
Construction projects tend to be composed of a few distinct phases completed one at a time. Each of these phases must be completed well for the project to be successful. Many general contractors and superintendents look for new ways to finish on a faster timeline and cut costs where they can while ensuring high-quality construction and providing a safe work environment. Artificial intelligence not only helps enhance worksite safety, but it can also provide real-time data on a 24/7 basis in order to help you understand your production performance and identify productivity sinkers where you can make adjustments.
The Planning (Pre-construction) Phase
Every construction project starts with an idea. It’s turning that idea into an actionable plan that presents the real challenge. Resources must be gathered and blueprints are drawn to make it a reality. These resources include labor, cost of materials, setting an overall timeline, expectations with your project managers, and much more.
Resources are gathered to turn that plan into reality. These resources include labor and materials required to complete the project. Once resources have been gathered, laborers complete physical construction. Once construction is completed according to the plan and specifications, the project is considered complete.
This is the first and some would say most important part of any project. Articulating and defining your goals helps you evaluate the feasibility of the plan. This is also the phase when the owner, architect, and construction manager have lots of discussions on what is going to be built and how the project will go overall. Then it has to be approved by jurisdictional authorities and meet parameters such as scope and quality. All of these entities must come together to make the project happen.
Utilizing Artificial Intelligence on your construction site helps you plan your project and track your assumptions with precision and accuracy. You can identify and mitigate risks early while keeping your plan up to date and being prepared for a variety of worst-case scenarios. This infographic details a few areas where AI can help you plan and be productive.
The Demolition Phase
Once you’ve made a plan, it’s time to move into the first phase of the project. This usually involves demolition, especially if you’re looking to take an older building and start from scratch. There is a lot of work to get done in this phase, and a lot of debris to move out of the way. Artificial intelligence can help track the number of dump trucks and other vehicles that come into the site, how much time they spend there, and when they leave. This not only helps you validate your billings and charges but will also help you better understand how much is required to move debris out of certain demolition sites in order to more accurately predict what future projects will need.
In addition to tracking progress and performance, AI can help improve safety on-site by monitoring safety zones (like the truck paths or too close to heavy machinery) and alerting your team when someone is in danger.
Once you’re done with demolition, the next phase is excavation. You’ve torn down the old structure, and now it’s time to start digging and moving soil out to put the new foundation in. This involves making piles, putting pillars in the ground and is where a lot of the real grunt work begins. So how do you make this more effective? You can use AI to track your productivity and heavy machinery utilization, see gaps in your process, and better understand how your efforts, time, and money should be spent. Your AI cameras will track how many trucks were sent to clear out the soil versus how many were actually used, which will help you both validate your earned value payments to your subcontractors as well as more effectively plan for future projects.
Similar to the previous phase, in addition to tracking progress and performance, AI can help improve safety on-site by monitoring safety zones (like the truck paths or too close to heavy machinery) and alerting your team when someone is in danger. AI can also help you automate your site’s required compliance tracking efforts, such as workers or subs not wearing their required PPE (Personal Protective Equipment).
Forming the Superstructure
Once the foundation is laid, it’s time to build the basic structure of your building. This is a vital stage of the process, as it includes the framework for the building and is the phase in which quality control and quality assurance are critical, so people will spend most of their time. AI can help you automate your QA/QC inspections, track how fast the floors go up, monitor who is entering the building, what materials are being brought where, and help with overall security. This helps assure structural integrity and making sure your as-built structure closely matches the design specifications and drawings (also known as digital twins).
During this phase also AI can identify and alert you to safety risks observed by computer vision, such as Fall from Heights or Getting Hit by Falling Objects.
The Final Touches
Once you’ve built the framework, it’s time to finish the project. This can include filling in walls as well as the finishing touches on the exterior – panels, windows, painting, roof, pavement, and more. At the close of your project, you can use the real-time, 24/7 data gathered by AI, you can stop safety risks before they happen, track your progress and performance, and create more accurate estimates for future projects.
INDUS.AI has the technology in place to help you automate and transform your construction process at every level. Our Construction Intelligence Experts are happy to share with you lessons from construction projects in cities near you. Contact us to find out more.